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Binary stars

A binary star is a star system consisting of two stars orbiting a common center of mass. Systems of two or more stars are called multiple star systems. Actually most stars are in binary systems. Perhaps up to 85% of stars are in binary systems with some in triple or even higher-multiple systems.

Eclipsing binary stars

The brighter star is classified as the primary star, and the less shiny of the two is the secondary (classified as A and B respectively).

Eclipsing binary light curve
Simulated light curve from an eclipsing binary.